Roses are some of the most finicky plants in the garden. They require lots of attention, and they'll prick you with their sharp thorns, whether or not you're careful. To me, however, they end up being some of the most rewarding flowers for all of their trouble. I have been growing them on and off (off while I was in an apartment) for almost twenty years, learning patience and caution in the process.
How to Prune:
Prune during late fall or early spring, while the rose is dormant. I tend to prune in early spring.